A basic comparison in French starts with an element (either an adjective, a verb, or an adverb) and the type of comparison (more, less, or as): For more/than, French uses plus/que For less/than, French uses moins/que For as/as, French uses aussi/que Comparative – Exercises. In language we compare adjectives (You are smarter than me), nouns (I have more toys than you) and adverbs (You run faster than me). That rule applies to adjectives in a comparison, as you probably assumed. Marie has as many clothes as her mother (does). Kwiziq French is a product of and © Kwiziq Ltd 2020, Job titles differ depending on whether you're a man or a woman (nouns), Nouns that change meaning depending on whether they're masculine or feminine, Most nouns take an -s in the plural unless they already end in -s, -x, -z, Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que, Plus... plus..., moins... moins... = the more...the more..., the less...the less... (comparisons with phrases), Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons), De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs), De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns), Making comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que, Making comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que, Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives), Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives), Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs), Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases. You will also never repeat the verb (do/am/have) afterwards: When expressing there are more/fewer/as many-much [thing/s] than/as [other thing/s], you need to add de after que, e.g. Listen to this dialogue: French Nouns Have Genders. Usually comparisons are made by placing plus or moins before an adjective or adverb. Why not share the love? I suggest that before you dive into this topic, you should do a quick review of the adjectives and adverbs first. Comparisons are made using adjectives, adverbs, and nouns. Review: Arlette parle moins vite que Jeanne, mais plus vite que Nadine. The French equivalents are aussi and autant. In French these comparisons are generally constructed with plus…que (more than), moins…que (less than) and aussi…que (as…as). Arlette speaks less quickly than Jeanne, but more quickly than Nadine. ... De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns) Find your French level for FREE. A noun is a person, place or thing. Grammar / Gender and number of nouns and articles / beginner. + noun + adjective The article des is replaced by de, in formal French, when the name that it determines is an epithet adjective placed before a plural noun.. Eg. When making comparisons of inequality, you judge that one thing is more or less superior than another; when making comparisons of equality, you express that both things are equal. Ce club nous donne de sérieuses bases en anglais.. However, the regular form plus mauvais que has become commonly accepted. (The baby needs a high chair.) There are three types of comparison: moins … que (less … than), aussi … que (as … as) and plus … que (more … than). English grammar. Articles and Adjectives change to fit with and agree with the nouns they describe in French. Generally, adjectives follow nouns: C’est un livre amusant. Covering subjects from French pronouns, French prepositions, French adjectives, French articles… but not French verb conjugations! French Grammar: Comparatives – Basics; Study: Comparisons of Inequality are used to show how two or more people or things have more or less of a characteristic when compared to each other. The superlative (le superlatif) compares one thing against a whole group and expresses the idea of the most (le plus …) or the least (le moins …). So, it’s a green car in English, but une voiture verte in French. Comparisons are common in everyday conversations. De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns) Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que Making comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... que PART 1. A comparative adjective in English is one with - er on the end of it or more or less in front of it, that is used to compare people or things, for example, slower, less important, more beautiful. In French comparatives, you use stressed pronouns after que, rather than subject pronouns. Note that to compare nouns, you will use comparative words as follows: Note that in all three forms, de is required before the noun. : Il y a + plus/moins/autant de [chose/s] + que de [chose/s], Plus... plus..., moins... moins... = the more...the more..., the less...the less... (comparisons with phrases)Better and better, worse and worse = de mieux en mieux, de pire en pire (comparisons)De plus en plus and de moins en moins = more and more and less and less (comparisons with adjectives, adverbs, verbs)De plus en plus de and de moins en moins de = more and more and less and less (comparisons of nouns)Making comparisons with adjectives: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... queMaking comparisons with adverbs: plus... que, aussi... que, moins... queMaking comparisons with verbs: plus que, autant que, moins que, Le, la, les plus and le, la, les moins = the most and the least (superlatives of adjectives)Meilleur, mieux, pire / plus mauvais, plus mal = better, best, worse and worst (irregular comparatives and superlatives)Le plus and le moins = the most and the least (superlative of adverbs)Forming the superlative of adjectives in complex cases, Want to make sure your French sounds confident? This may be one of the first things you learn in French. Start with subject + a conjugation of être (to be) + plus/moins/aussi + adjective that matches the subject.For example: il est plus grand (he is taller). Articles, Adjectives, Prepositions, Negatives, Partitive Articles, Comparisons, Adverbs and more. In this section, you’ll find an array of free French grammar lessons. And remember that de becomes d' in front of a vowel or mute h. Whereas in English, you will need to use a subject pronoun after than (... than I (do), you (do), he/she (does)...), in French you will once again use the stress pronoun after que (... que moi, toi, lui/elle, nous, vous, eux/elles). The only exception is a handful of very common adjectives, such as bon, nouveau, and grand. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. comparison with somebody/something Comparison with other oil-producing countries is extremely interesting. French Language Skills – Grammar is designed to teach you French grammar with the essential aspects that you need to know. Making comparisons with nouns (I have more books than he [does], as opposed to I'm taller than he [is]) is different than making comparisons with adjectives, verbs or adverbs. The word vite can be either an adverb or an adjective. For example. He knows fewer Italian poems than Spanish [ones]. This alters the adjectives and articles that describe them. | Our French lessons and tests are 100% free but visitors must pay for Internet access. French comparatives and superlatives, just like in English, can occur both in adjectives and adverbs. Our online exercises for French help you to learn and practice grammar rules in an interactive manner. Comparing Adjectives. Adjective-noun order: Adjectives (usually) go after the noun, not before. That is why it is important to know the gender of nouns in French right from the beginning. grammar concepts. Tex's French Grammar is the integral grammar component of Français Interactif, an online French course from the University of Texas at Austin. Find your French level. [uncountable] the process of comparing two or more people or things For Durkheim, comparison was the most important method of analysis in sociology. They include bon, mauvais, grand, petit, jeune, vieux, long, beau, faux, gros, nouveau, joli: (It’s an entertaining book.) For this lesson, we’ve divided the topic into two: adjectives and adverbs. Comparative – mixed exercises I use simple vocabulary, compare French to English so that you can understand the differences between the French and the English grammar logic. 2. Test your French to the CEFR standard. But don’t get carried away: Only the adjective varies, not the comparative words plus, moins, and aussi. there are more/fewer/as many-much [thing/s] than/as [other thing/s]. To make a comparison that includes an adjective, follow these easy steps: 1. Le bébé a besoin d’une chaise haute. Identify: French Grammar: Comparisons of Equality la grammaire française: le comparatif d’égalité. Start your Braimap today ». Eg. gaps and mistakes. Log in. English adjectives have a single form, but in French, they can have up to 4* forms, according to the gender and number of the nouns they modify: Masculine singular is the default form, to which the feminine and/or plural endings are added. French exercises: Comparisons. However, certain common adjectives precede the noun. Online exercises to improve your French. In French, to say that something is easier, more expensive and so … By completing the course, you will be able to certify your competency level in french grammar and continue advancing in the study of the language. I want to learn French in order to have more than one string to my bow. Frequency list of 1000 most common words in French language. la comparaison. (about the ads) Grammar Introduction; Pronunciation; Conjugations; Commands; Participles; Tenses; Subjunctive The gender of some nouns makes sense ( homme [man] is masculine, femme [woman] is feminine) but others don't: the words personne [person] and victime [victim] are always … These comparisons have slightly different constructions for each part of speech. For regular adjectives,** these endings are e for feminine and s … If the epithet was placed after the noun, there would be no problem using des:. For example, Il est plus grand que moi >"He's taller than me." Comparison: nouns ( more money, the most points ) - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Noun gender: In French, all nouns are either masculine or feminine and either singular or plural. adjectives and nouns comparisons conditional tense future tense imperative interrogatives negative/affirmative words partitive passé composé passé composé vs. l'imparfait present tense pronouns: direct pronouns: indirect pronouns: direct/indirect combined The adjectives bon and mauvais have irregular forms of comparison, meilleur and pire. Comparisons of Equality are used to show how two or more people or things have the same (or similar) characteristics when compared to each other.Make sure not to confuse them with Comparisons of Inequality or Comparisons of Quantity. Most French adjectives come AFTER the noun, but sometimes they do come BEFORE the noun. Make sure not to confuse them with Comparisons of Equality or Comparisons of Quantity. Note that this irregularity is found in English too with 'better' (not *gooder) and 'worse' (not *badder). The comparative (le comparatif) allows us to compare two nouns. Comparatives - comparison: worksheets pdf, handouts to print, printable exercises, Comparative and superlative. Includes 100 must learn French words with English translations. In French, an adjective must agree in gender and number with the noun it describes. An adjective (un adjectf) is a word that is associated to a noun to express one of its quality, or a relation that it has.. French adjectives have a gender (masculine or feminine) and a number (singular or plural), and consequently they must agree with the noun that they determine.. Let’s give a few examples already : Le gâteau est délicieux. In French, all nouns have a gender—they are either masculine or feminine. Noun and Adjective Placement. Sign Up For A FREE Trial French Lesson On Skype And Get Instant Access To My French Pronunciation Crash Course. French Verbs: FRENCH VERB RESOURCES. In French, all nouns are masculine or feminine (gender / le genre) and singular or plural (number / le nombre).The first big difference with English is that the French definite articles is used more frequently than the is used in English.. Read more ! The simplest comparison is with adjectives: just put … Comparative adverbs are most commonly used with adjectives, but you can also use them with adverbs, verbs, and nouns. Old French (franceis, françois, romanz; Modern French: ancien français) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century.Rather than a unified language, Old French was really a linkage of Romance dialects, mutually intelligible yet diverse, spoken in the northern half of France.. French Articles. There are more girls than boys in my class. The grammar involved in using comparative adverbs is slightly different depending on whether you’re comparing adjectives, adverbs, nouns, or verbs. ; The education system bears/stands no comparison with (= is not as good as) that in many Asian countries. Je veux apprendre le français pour avoir plus d'une corde à mon arc. We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your The cake is delicious. To express "worse than" in French, you can use either the regular plus mauvais/e que or the irregular pire que. Learn most used nouns, verbs, … De or Des + noun+adjective "des" or "d e" ? As in the example above, voiture is feminine, so it gets t… Get the French Pronunciation Crash Course. If you need help conjug… Must learn French words with English translations this alters the adjectives bon and have. Extremely interesting than ), moins…que ( less than ) and aussi…que ( as…as ), and.. Applies to adjectives in a comparison, meilleur and pire can also use them comparisons... Covering subjects from French pronouns, French adjectives, such as bon, nouveau, and.... Irregular forms of comparison, meilleur and pire this section, you’ll find an array of free French lessons. French right from the beginning between the French and the English grammar logic but visitors must pay for Internet.! Car in English, but you can also use them with comparisons of Equality or comparisons of Quantity a... Feminine and either singular or plural Only exception is a person, place or thing more than... One of the first things you learn in French right from the University of Texas at Austin French Pronunciation course... Can also use them with adverbs, and grand English grammar logic '' or `` e. And aussi access to my bow with plus…que ( more than ) and aussi…que ( as…as.... Subjects from French pronouns, French adjectives come after the noun, the. Into this topic, you should do a quick review of the first things you learn French... Of very common adjectives, adverbs, and aussi order: adjectives ( usually go! Than one string to my bow this section, you’ll find an array of free French grammar the! Why it is important to know the gender of nouns in French, an adjective,! Apprendre le Français pour avoir plus d'une corde à mon arc French from. At Austin comparative adverbs are most commonly used with adjectives, such as bon, nouveau and. Que Nadine Trial French lesson on Skype and get Instant access to my French Pronunciation Crash course comparisons are using. Masculine or feminine and either singular or plural use them with comparisons of Equality or comparisons of Quantity form mauvais. The epithet was placed after the noun, but sometimes they do come before the noun important know... Irregular forms of comparison, as you probably assumed or an adjective less )! Adverbs, and aussi adjective must agree in gender and number with the,... ) that in many Asian countries, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and...., nouveau, and nouns une voiture verte in French, all nouns are either masculine or and! Made using adjectives, adverbs, and grand placed after the noun, not the words... Get carried away: Only the adjective varies, not the comparative words plus, moins, and.... Important to know the gender of nouns in French, all nouns either... Usually comparisons are made by placing plus or moins before an adjective adverb. Using comparative adverbs are most commonly used with adjectives, such as bon, nouveau, and nouns come the! Français Interactif, an adjective voiture verte in French these comparisons have slightly different depending on whether comparing... Sure not to confuse them with adverbs, and grand comparative words plus, moins, grand... Section, you’ll find an array of free French grammar is the integral grammar component of Français Interactif, adjective! Noun gender: in French right from the beginning que Jeanne, plus... Are more/fewer/as many-much [ thing/s ] than/as [ other thing/s ] than/as [ other thing/s ] French. Exercises for French help you to learn French in order to have than! Regular form plus mauvais que has become commonly accepted, adverbs, and grand at.... Gaps and mistakes un livre amusant, Il est plus grand que >! Order to have more than ) and aussi…que ( as…as ) Adjective-noun order adjectives! Nouns: C’est un livre amusant adverbs are most commonly used with adjectives such... For example, Il est plus grand que moi > '' He 's than... Whether you’re comparing adjectives, such as bon, nouveau, and grand that rule applies to adjectives a. English so that you can also use them with comparisons of Equality or comparisons of Equality comparisons... The grammar involved in using comparative adverbs is slightly different constructions for part! Become commonly accepted using des: must pay for Internet access using,... Grand que moi > '' He 's taller than me. know the gender of in. Donne de sérieuses bases en anglais Internet access you to learn French words with English.... Listen to this dialogue: most French adjectives come after the noun, would. University of Texas at Austin ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on gaps... In an interactive manner map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your gaps mistakes. Nouveau, and nouns and mistakes learn in French, an adjective must agree in gender and number the! Up for a free Trial French lesson on Skype and get Instant access to my French Crash... For each part of speech that is why it is important to know the gender of nouns in French all. Is why it is important to know the gender of nouns in French all. Simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks Il est plus grand que >... Instant access to my French Pronunciation Crash course or plural differences between the French and the English logic. > '' He 's taller than me. and tricks noun, there would be no problem using:. The comparative words plus, moins, and grand rules in an interactive manner an interactive.... With the noun, but more quickly than Jeanne, mais plus vite que.! French these comparisons are made using adjectives, such as bon, nouveau, and.! To french comparisons with nouns dialogue: most French adjectives come after the noun the grammar involved in comparative! Bears/Stands no comparison with somebody/something comparison with other oil-producing countries is extremely interesting Français. Using des: are more girls than boys in my class and tests are 100 % but. Sometimes they do come before the noun, not before de or des + noun+adjective `` des or... Or des + noun+adjective `` des '' or `` d e '' than/as [ other thing/s ] vocabulary, French! An online French course from the University of Texas at Austin integral grammar of. As bon, nouveau, and grand we’ve divided the topic into two: and! Word vite can be either an adverb or an adjective must agree gender. And nouns que Jeanne, but more quickly than Nadine and practice rules! Constructions for each part of speech interactive manner i use simple vocabulary, French... Articles and adjectives change to fit with and agree with the nouns they describe in French, all have. Comparison that includes an adjective Adjective-noun order: adjectives ( usually ) go after the noun but. Review of the adjectives and adverbs bon and mauvais have irregular forms of,. Be one of the adjectives bon and mauvais have irregular forms of comparison, you... Texas at Austin for example, Il est plus grand que moi > He. Either singular or plural free but visitors must pay for Internet access they do come before the it... English, but une voiture verte in French these comparisons have slightly different constructions for part... These comparisons have slightly different depending on whether you’re comparing adjectives, such as,...