Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – are formed with the word to in front of a verb. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. B2 Gerunds and infinitives is an exercise at an upper intermediate level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar. (I talked to Jane and now I remember that fact) Infinitive or gerund exercises. Infinitives A verb form that is the combination of the word "to" + the base form of a verb, which functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb 1. A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. I think (defend) yourself is the right thing to do if you have a good reason. Stop smoking. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) I feel like (go) to a movie. 3. Grammar resources for esl. Gerund or Infinitive - PDF Grammar Worksheet - B1 - GI006 Author: Nikolaus ROSMANITZ Subject: Gerund or Infinitive - PDF Grammar Worksheet - B1\(Intermediate\) … Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: There is no difference of meaning, but the structures are different. Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. Oefenen met een onderdeel uit de Engelse grammatica: gerund en to-infinitive. It isn't wrong (defend) yourself, is it? (STRIKE) 2. (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. GERUND INFINITIVE; Something you did in the past that you are not happy about. Gerund. However, as subjects or complements, gerunds usually sound more like normal, spoken English, whereas infinitives sound more abstract. I don't think (lie) is ever right. Online grammar exercise on the Gerund and Infinitive forms of verbs for learners of English. (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. Gerund and infinitive forms of verbs in English: when to use them. It is formed with to + base form of the verb. We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. (he did that and now he’s sorry about it) We regret to inform you that the train will be 2 hours late. Ex: to buy, to work. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. If you are talking about something you're going to do next or you were going to do in the past, you have to use the infinitive: for example: He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. Some verbs can take both gerunds and infinitives, with only a slight difference in the meaning (as explained in Part I above). This video shows you when to use a gerund and when to use the infinitive. Oefen Engelse grammatica in het Engels Klaslokaal. Ex. Gerund – Form Level: lower intermediate; Gerund used as a subject Level: lower intermediate; Infinitive / Gerund. GI005 - Gerund with preposition Intermediate . Some verbs take only a gerund. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down . .Free exercises to learn English online : We regret to inform you that the 18:30 train has been cancelled. Verb Lists: Infinitives and Gerunds: Principles of Composition Verbs Followed by an Infinitive ... Verbs Followed by an Infinitive She agreed to speak before the game. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: I like to ski. If you use regret to talk about something you did or didn't do you have to use the gerund. Get An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). GI005 - Gerund with preposition Intermediate . • Infinitive is a verbal that is formed by adding to before a verb and can serve as a noun, adjective, or even as an adverb. The good news is that our three-part tutorial gives you twenty gerund and infinitive tips to take you from beginner to pro. “We … In such situations, they are not normally interchangeable. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. These verbs are followed by –ing forms if there is no object. It's not so bad (tell) a white lie, is it? It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. I think (defend) yourself is the right thing to do if you have a good reason. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. To help people needs much patience. 3. Mixed Exercises . Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Skiing is fun. A. (BOOK) 3. Gerund and Infinitive Gerund and Infinitive ID: 1451713 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 14+ Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: grammar Add to my workbooks (0) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . When a verb follows a verb it either takes the gerund or infinitive form. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. The following guidelines and lists will help you figure out whether a gerund or infinitive is needed. 2. I need to study. They can follow adjectives and other verbs. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48). Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. (we are sorry that we have to say that) I know Jane, I remember talking to her yesterday. 1. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. Cheryl suggested a movie after work. Stop to smoke. (*Note: These lists are not complete lists of ALL verbs used with these verb patterns, but Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | To play basketball for UConn is her favorite fantasy. I don't want to be disturbed. Gerund - Infinitive . (I … Everyone helped to make her feel as welcome as possible. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. Gerunds & Infinitives 5B Unit 5 Grammar items 1 & 2 ID: 113864 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Primary 5 Age: 8-12 Main content: Gerund or Infinitive Other contents: Grammar Add to my workbooks (146) Download file pdf Add to Google Classroom Some verbs take only an infinitive. I heard the clock _____ six. Gerunds are best for use in sentences about actions that are real or … Here are some tips to remember. 2. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). agree aim appear arrange ask attempt be able beg begin care choose condescend: consent continue dare decide ... Verbs Followed by a Preposition and a Gerund We concentrated on doing well. Levels of Difficulty : Elementary Intermediate Advanced . To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. (infinitive – to + base verb) There are certain verbs that can only be followed by one or the other, and these verbs must be memorized. It can be tricky to remember which verbs are followed by the infinitive (the to form) of the verb and which are followed by the gerund (the ing form) of the verb. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. 2. I like hiking. The passive infinitive form  is used after modal verbs and other structures as going to, have to, want to, would like to. Gerunds and infintives can both function as the subject of a sentence: Playing basketball takes up too much of her time. Some verbs can take both gerunds and infinitives, with only a slight difference in the meaning (as explained in Part I above). In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. Gerunds. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. A gerund is a verb ending in "ing" that functions as a noun. Infinitive/Gerund - Exercises. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Here is a logic activity to have some fun and practice gerunds and infinitives at the same time: Gerunds and Infinitives Logic Activity. Gerund - Infinitive . Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Exercises for esl. the emphasis is on the action (or the gerund) not the doer (possessive) of the action. To + 1st form of the verb is called infinitive or an infinitive is the basic form of the verb + “to”. He liked skiing.. "I plan to take my vacation. At first glance, it may seem difficult to know when to use an infinitive and when to use a gerund. help + to + infinitive. Some verbs take only an infinitive. I feel like (go) to a movie. Wait for him. Infinitive. 1. For example: 3. If you make a mistake, people will understand you even if it sounds a little funny. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." This activity looks at the problem of whether verbs are followed by the gerund or infinitive. Gerund and infinitive worksheets are in PDF Format and consist of a worksheet and answer sheet to check your results. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". You could say this actually makes sense: the gerund describes an action, something you do. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Part 2 of the Gerunds and Infinitives Tutorial discusses how to control gerunds and infinitives and start using them more like native English speakers. Infinitives are the "to" form of the verb. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. Gerund (Verb+ing) dan Infinitive (to + base verb) merupakan verbal dalam kalimat bahasa Inggris yang dapat berfungsi sebagai kata benda (noun). Mean and help can be followed by either a gerund or a to-infinitive but with different meanings:. I don't think (lie) is ever right. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). As explained above, one can conclude that certain verbs must be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive because the meaning changes when one or the other is used. Following a verb (gerund or infinitive) Both gerunds and infinitives can replace a noun as the object of a verb. A. Complete exercises 11 - 20 to see if you understand what you've learned in parts 1 and 2. What do you want (do) tonight? • Identifying gerunds and infinitives is an easy job as verbals with ing are gerunds while verbals having to before them are infinitives. 3. Some verbs can take either the gerund or the infinitive with no loss of meaning. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. Gerunds and infinitives with advise, allow, permit and forbid. You understand many of the verb combinations taking either a gerund or an infinitive. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. All four of these verbs can be followed by either an –ing form or an infinitive. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. Gerunds and infinitives are forms of verbs that act like nouns. At Upper Intermediate level (B2 on the CEF level and FCE Cambridge exams) students are confronted with this problem and it is often useful to practise more thoroughly to help the difference in meaning of the verbs become part of the learners’ active knowledge. 4. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. Jumping is fun.. เป็นคำกริยารูปเติม –ing ที่ทำหน้าที่เป็นคำนามในประโยค. I enjoy cooking. B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI007 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. Gerunds and infinitives are verb forms that can take the place of a noun in a sentence. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Infinitive/Gerund – mixed exercise; Need more practice? Usually, the main verb in the sentence determines whether you use a gerund or an infinitive. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. If there is an object, we use an infinitive. Gerunds can also follow prepositions. - Infinitive without to (ไม่มี ‘to’ นำหน้า) Ex. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. In the following sentences, gerunds sound more natural and would be more common in everyday English. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. Gerunds. You will find the following guidelines for gerund/infinitive usage helpful. Dan enjoys science fiction. Infinitive. need. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. Complete the following exercise with gerund or infinitive forms of the indicated verbs. Learning to use gerunds and infinitives can feel a bit overwhelming at first. Some verbs take only a gerund. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. 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